July 18, 2024 The sun rises from Anatolia

A rare 3,300-year-old bronze helmet from the Hittite Empire is on display at the Çorum Archaeology Museum

The 3,300-year-old bronze helmet unearthed during the excavations carried out in 2002 at the ruins of Şapinuva, one of the important cult centers of the Hittite Empire, is among the rare artifacts that have survived from the Hittite period.

The Hittite bronze helmet discovered during excavations at the ruins of Şapinuva in Ortaköy district of Çorum was published by Dr. Mustafa Süel and introduced to the scientific world.

The helmet, which was given as an offering to the Hittite Storm God, is on display at the Çorum Archeology Museum.

“It was found on an offering bench in building D during the archaeological excavations carried out in 2002 at the Ortaköy Şapinuva archaeological site and published by the late Dr. Mustafa Süel,” said Özge Eren, an archaeologist at the Çorum Museum, adding, “The conical bronze helmet with a pointed crown has rivet holes on the nape and cheek. Apparatus protecting the cheeks and neck are attached to these parts. During the excavations in building D, bronze scales, spearheads, bronze axes belonging to body armor and bronze scales, spearheads and bronze axes belonging to body armor were found collectively in addition to the helmet produced to protect the head and body against cutting weapons in wars.”

Şapinuva archaeological site

Bronze helmets were among the most important king gifts of the period

Explaining that the bronze helmet was found in a crushed and destroyed condition because it was under the rubble of the religious building called “D” building, which was destroyed by a great fire about 3,300 years ago, Eren said, “Very few of them have survived to the present day due to the fact that bronze war materials are taken as booty in wars and bronze is melted again and again and used in other productions. For this reason, this helmet found in Ortaköy Şapinuva is a rare find that has survived from the Hittite Empire period to the present day, despite its crushed and damaged condition.”

Photo: IHA

Explaining that the helmet, whose Hurrian name is “gur-sip-pi” and Hittite name is “huprushhi“, was one of the gifts presented to the ‘Storm God’ in a temple dedicated to him, Eren said, “Bronze helmets were among the precious gifts sent to the pharaoh in Ancient Egypt, another superpower at that time.”

“This helmet found in Şapinuva is in perfect harmony with the helmet worn on the head of the god depicted with his war clothes and weapons in the relief on the Boğazköy Hattuşa King’s Gate. This situation shows that the sculptors of the period were able to apply the high relief technique on limestone in a very realistic way and that they were at a level to visually reflect some sections of the Hittite world of 3,300 years ago.”

Cover Photo: IHA

Banner
Related Articles

The 1000-year-old balbals in Çivril bear the traces of Turkish civilization and belief system

March 31, 2024

March 31, 2024

The balbals in Özdemirci Cemetery in Çivril district of Denizli continue to attract the attention of history buffs and archaeologists....

The 5,000-year-old underground city of Matiate will be open to visitors

March 13, 2024

March 13, 2024

Efforts are underway to open the 5,000-year-old underground city of Matiate, located in the Midyat district of the Mardin province...

Ancient reliefs become target of treasure hunters in Mersin

January 8, 2024

January 8, 2024

An academic has cautioned that urgent protection is required for the historic Adamkayalar (Men of Rock) reliefs in the southern...

“Gypsy Girl” set a record for the number of visitors during the holiday in Turkey

April 16, 2024

April 16, 2024

Visitors flocked to Gaziantep Zeugma Mosaic Museum during the Ramadan holiday in Turkey. The world-famous Gypsy Girl mosaic exhibited at...

Edirne Archaeology Museum takes its visitors on a journey to the Roman period

March 7, 2024

March 7, 2024

Hosting a collection of 29 thousand pieces, Edirne Archaeology Museum takes its visitors on a journey to the Roman period...

Hittite Period İmamkulu rock relief

November 20, 2023

November 20, 2023

İmamkulu Relief is one of the most beautiful examples of Hittite period (probably 13th century) art. İmamkulu relief is located...

Demeter figurines were found in the ancient city of Aigai, the land of goats

November 18, 2023

November 18, 2023

During the excavation works at Aigai Ancient City, which derives its name from the Greek word ‘αίγα’ meaning goat, two...

A colonnaded Roman street connected to the sea was unearthed in Antalya

April 18, 2024

April 18, 2024

A colonnaded Roman street connected to the sea has been discovered in Antalya, Turkey’s city of culture and tourism. 100...

The 2,000-year-old golden crown of the Governor of Rome is on display at the İznik Museum

August 27, 2023

August 27, 2023

The 2,000-year-old golden crown of a Roman governor, which was unearthed during archaeological excavations in the historical city of Iznik,...

The aim is to unearth important findings from the Hittite period in Külhöyük

November 10, 2023

November 10, 2023

The Külhöyük, located in the Gölbaşı district of Ankara, the capital of Türkiye, continues to provide data shedding light on...

Istanbul’s hidden tunnels discovered during restoration work at Rumeli Fortress

May 31, 2024

May 31, 2024

Istanbul’s hidden tunnels were discovered during the restoration works in Rumeli Fortress by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Rumeli Fortress is...

Oldest known human viruses found in 50,000-year-old Neanderthal remains

May 17, 2024

May 17, 2024

Scientists have discovered the oldest known human viruses in a Neanderthal bone more than 50,000 years old. The most surprising...

Theater emerges as works continue in ancient city of Perinthos

July 28, 2023

July 28, 2023

Work continues to unearth the largest theater of Thrace in the Ancient City of Perinthos in the Marmaraereğlisi district of...

Aygül Süel “We are making big mistakes about the Hittites”

March 30, 2024

March 30, 2024

Prof. Dr. Aygül Süel, Head of the Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Hitit University and the director...

Is concrete being poured at Göbeklitepe that zero point of human history?

September 13, 2023

September 13, 2023

The news that concrete has been poured in a certain area of Göbeklitepe, which is considered the zero point of...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *