July 18, 2024 The sun rises from Anatolia

Restoration of the only known Roman Lorica Squamata model armor in the world completed

The restoration of the only known Roman Lorica Squamata model armor in the world, discovered 4 years ago during the excavations of the ancient city of Satala, has been completed.

According to the statement made by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, a Roman legionary armor, “Lorica Squamata”, was found in the ancient city of Satala in Gümüşhane during the excavation season in 2020. The Roman legionary armor, “Lorica Squamata”, which was removed from the field with the contributions of the Ankara Regional Laboratory, is of particular importance as it is the only known example in the world.

The armor, which was brought to Erzurum Regional Laboratory Directorate of Restoration and Conservation in 2021 and preserved with its soil during the first documentation phase, was examined by X-ray and tomography at Erzurum Atatürk University.

Restoration of the only known Roman Lorica Squamata model armor in the world completed
Photo: AA

Thanks to the micro CT imaging of the 3-slab block taken from the edges of the armor, which was found to be almost completely intact in the X-ray results, its exact dimensions and partially metallurgical properties were determined.

The Roman Lorica Squamata model armor was unearthed almost completely intact.. Photo: IHA

As a result of 3 years of meticulous work by Erzurum Restoration and Conservation Regional Laboratory, all the plates of the armor were coded on site and conservation and restoration processes were completed. The armor was then re-sewn on the mannequin and restored to its original form.

Roman Lorica Squamata model armor
Photo: IHA

Opens a unique window into the warrior past of the Roman Empire

Minister of Culture and Tourism Mehmet Nuri Ersoy shared on his social media account that the Roman legionary armor was restored after 3 years of painstaking work.

Roman Lorica Squamata model armor
Photo: IHA

Ersoy noted the following:

“The only known ‘Lorica Squamata’ model armor in the world, which came to life again in the hands of experts at Erzurum Restoration and Conservation Regional Laboratory, has reached our day almost flawlessly. I would like to thank the staff of the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage and Museums who contributed to the recovery of this magnificent artifact, which opens a unique window into the warrior past of the Roman Empire.”

The ancient city of Satala, guarding the eastern border of the Roman Empire

The ancient city of Satala was founded on the banks of the Aksu Stream, a tributary of the Kelkit Stream in the Kelkit district of Gümüşhane, on the eastern foot of the Oak Mountains.

Many important structures such as a legion camp, baths, theater, temples and agoras were built in the ancient city of Satala, which was founded by Emperor Vespasian in 72 AD to protect the eastern border of the Roman Empire.

Located at the intersection of trade routes to Mesopotamia via the Euphrates River, Satala was an important trade and military center during the Roman Period.

The city also played an important role in the wars between the Romans and the Parthians and Sassanids.

The ancient city of Satala was abandoned after the Arab invasion in the 7th century.

Cover Photo: NTV

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