July 18, 2024 The sun rises from Anatolia

Hungarian archaeologists unearth a 600-year-old silver communion set

During archaeological excavations near Lake Tisza, experts from the National Institute of Archaeology at the Center for Public Collection of the Hungarian National Museum found a 14th-century silver sacrificial set held between fingers and a small fortune hidden in the ground.

Last year a unique cultural heritage was discovered near Lake Tisza, the remains of a medieval Benedictine monastery founded by a clan. This year’s excavations uncovered a 14th-century silver sacrificial set (goblet and wafer holder) and a treasure trove of 70 silver coins from the Vienna Penny.

In October 2023, during a test excavation in Tomajmonostora, during archaeological work on the territory of the former clan monastery, several details of the remains of the former Benedictine monastic church were discovered, the Facebook page of the National Archaeological Institute said.

Hungarian archaeologists unearth a 600-year-old silver communion set
Photo: Nemzeti Régészeti Intézet

“Last year, the three-nave monastic basilica and an early circular church were cleaned in layers. So we found the clan’s monastery and the parish church of the previous settlement,” said Dr. Virágos Gábor, the archaeologist leading the excavation, deputy director general for archaeology at the Hungarian National Museum’s Public Collection Center, head of the National Archaeological Institute.

During this year’s excavation, a special find was found, a sacrificial set that was held in the hand when it entered the ground. The ceremonial vessels, consisting of a silver goblet and a wafer holder, date back to the 13th and 14th centuries. The artifacts were in the hands of a deceased person. Most likely, it is part of a tomb, but further excavations are needed to obtain accurate results.

Hungarian archaeologists unearth a 600-year-old silver communion set
Photo: Nemzeti Régészeti Intézet

The Institute is working on identifying key sites, collecting and interpreting materials related to the battle near Mezőkeresztes in 1596, one of the most important and life-changing events in Hungarian history.

During the work at the site, archaeologists found a treasure worth 70 Viennese piastres (denarii). Dating from the 13th and 14th centuries, the coin treasure was discovered during research with volunteers of our community archaeology program led by archaeologist Gábor Bakos.

Hungarian archaeologists unearth a 600-year-old silver communion set2
Photo: Nemzeti Régészeti Intézet

The project is significant as it is the first comprehensive and systematic research aimed at identifying the largest battle of the Fifteenth War.

“Of course, the area was inhabited both before and after the event, so during the work we see artifacts from several periods. These objects and their fragments can be dated from prehistoric times to the present day,” says archaeologist Gábor Bakos, leader of the field research.

Hungarian archaeologists unearth a 600-year-old silver communion set
Photo: Nemzeti Régészeti Intézet

The Vienna dinars that make up the treasury were issued by the Austrian princes, contrary to their common common name, not only from the Vienna mints, but also from the Enns and Wiener Neustadt mints. Due to intensive trade relations, their trade extended to the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary in the 1200-1300s.

“Their existence is evidenced by treasures of coins similar to the newly discovered ones, especially from the western part of the country and along the trade route from Košice to Krakow. The latter also includes coin material found in the Mezőkeresztes region,” says numismatist Enikő Kovács, a professional member of the study.

Hungarian archaeologists unearth a 600-year-old silver communion set
Photo: Nemzeti Régészeti Intézet

The exploration of the site of the Battle of Mezőkeresztes is being carried out in a broad collaboration in which, in addition to MNMKK NRI volunteers, more and more local residents are participating, donating their gardens and labor to support the research.

Hungarian archaeologists unearth a 600-year-old silver communion set
Photo: Nemzeti Régészeti Intézet

Material testing and restoration of the sensational finds is currently underway in the archaeometric laboratory of the National Archaeological Institute.

Cover Photo: Nemzeti Régészeti Intézet

Banner
Related Articles

In the Mediterranean Oldest Hand-Sewn Boat is Preparing for its Next Journey

January 25, 2024

January 25, 2024

The oldest hand-sewn boat in the Mediterranean was discovered in the Bay of Zambratija near Umag on Croatia’s Istrian peninsula....

The earliest evidence of Christianity in Bulgarian lands has been discovered

March 5, 2024

March 5, 2024

Early Christians in the Roman Empire were forced to conceal their faith. This was because Christianity was not officially recognized...

‘4,200-year-old zombie tomb’ discovered in East Germany

April 23, 2024

April 23, 2024

Archaeologists have found the grave of a man believed to be at risk of becoming a “zombie” near Oppin in...

Scientists discover 99 million-year-old bedbug hidden in amber

April 24, 2024

April 24, 2024

Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) found bedbug in amber from Myanmar. It was determined that the bedbug...

3500-year-old resting place used by nomadic peoples discovered in Azerbaijan

July 11, 2024

July 11, 2024

Azeri and Italian archaeologists have discovered a 3500-year-old rest stop used by nomadic peoples in Azerbaijan. Working in the area...

Human traces dating back 14,000 years have been discovered in the rock shelters of Pir-Quch in southern Iran

March 5, 2024

March 5, 2024

Archaeologists have found human traces dating back to around 14,000 years ago in recent excavations in the rock shelters of...

The oldest known shipwreck in the Mediterranean found

June 20, 2024

June 20, 2024

The Israel Antiquities Authority announced that the oldest known shipwreck in the Mediterranean Sea was discovered during oil exploration off...

The unique “twin baby stele” that survived from the Ancient Greek

March 25, 2024

March 25, 2024

The National Archaeological Museum of Athens announced that the unique “twin baby stele” from Ancient Greece has gone on display....

130,000-year-old stingray sand sculpture in South Africa may be world’s oldest animal art

April 4, 2024

April 4, 2024

The researchers analyzed an object that at first glance appears to be a symmetrical rock east of Still Bay, about...

The unique ‘Excalibur’ sword, similar to King Arthur’s legendary sword, has Islamic Origins

April 28, 2024

April 28, 2024

The mysteries of the historical sword, which researchers have dubbed ‘Excalibur’ because of its location and which bears similarities to...

1800-year-old Sassanid clay seal reads name of Iranian city

April 11, 2024

April 11, 2024

A 1,800-year-old clay seal from the Sassanid era, written in Pahlavi script, reads the name of the Iranian city of...

850-year-old medieval coins discovered in a grave in Sweden

April 27, 2024

April 27, 2024

Archaeologists have opened the grave of a man they believe was between 20 and 25 years old when he died....

6,000 life-size terracotta warriors guard a treasure-laden burial chamber

June 9, 2024

June 9, 2024

A new treasure-laden burial chamber has been discovered in the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, guarded by China’s world-famous...

7,000-year-old canoes discovered in Italy show early development of maritime technology in the Mediterranean

March 21, 2024

March 21, 2024

A series of canoes estimated to be 7,000 years old have been discovered in the Neolithic (Late Stone Age) lakeshore...

The upper part of a giant statue of Ramses II, one of the greatest pharaohs of Egypt, has been unearthed

March 5, 2024

March 5, 2024

The upper part of a colossal statue of Ramses II, also known as the Great Ramses, was discovered during excavations...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *