June 12, 2024 The sun rises from Anatolia

‘Mysterious’ inscription on the bronze Dacia sphinx deciphered.

Discovered 2 centuries ago and stolen from a European count in 1848, the mystery of the inscription on the bronze Dacia sphinx statue has been solved.

The bronze Dacian sphinx statue was discovered in Dacia, a Roman province corresponding to modern-day Romania.

Dacia is the ancient name of Romania and has seen the domination of various groups and empires throughout history. In Antiquity, Dacia was part of the Kingdom of Dacia and later became a province of the Roman Empire after being conquered by the Roman Emperor Trajan in 106 AD.

However, in the 3rd century, invasions by Goths and other tribes weakened Roman control and around 270 AD the Romans withdrew from Dacia. Subsequently, Dacia fell under the rule of various tribes and empires.

The inscription on the sphinx has finally been deciphered, revealing a short but “unusual” poem, according to a study published on December 30 in the Journal Mediterranean Archeology and Archaeometry.

The inscription around the base of a bronze sphinx statue was found to be written using the archaic Greek alphabet. However, the phonetic values of the Greek alphabet form a text that is meaningless in Greek. Therefore, the meaning of the inscription has puzzled scholars since the artifact was discovered in the early 19th century.

The researchers were unsuccessful because it was probably read from left to right, an “unusual” departure from ancient norms. The scribe was most likely trying to express something in a language other than Greek using an archaic Greek alphabet. The phonetic values of the archaic Greek alphabet record a short rhythmic poem in Proto-Hungarian.

Translated into English, it reads “Look, behold, worship: here is the sacred lion”, which could be perceived as a command to respect the sphinx.

“The characters may seem mysterious at first, but once the projection is noticed, the characters become easily recognizable as letters of the Greek alphabet, with a few in a more archaic form,” Peter Revesz, study author and professor at the University of Nebraska, told McClatchy News.

The decoded poem is remarkable because “the cult of the sphinx was not part of mainstream ancient Roman mythology, which included the Roman gods and goddesses familiar to many people today,” Revesz said.

Revesz emphasized that this sphinx sculpture is unique in that it provides some record of a minority religion for which records in the Roman Empire are much less complete.

Source: arkeonews

Banner
Related Articles

Italian archaeologists uncover large Iron Age necropolis at Amorosi

May 5, 2024

May 5, 2024

Italian archaeologists have uncovered a large Iron Age necropolis in Valle Telesina, near the Volturno River, during work on a...

World’s largest dinosaur track found in Fujian

May 8, 2024

May 8, 2024

Chinese scientists announced on Monday, May 6, that they had discovered very large tracks of a type of two-toed dinosaur...

New research shows the Cerne Abbas Giant was a muster station for King Alfred’s armies

January 2, 2024

January 2, 2024

New research from the University of Oxford concludes that the Cerne Abbas Giant was originally carved as an image of...

130,000-year-old stingray sand sculpture in South Africa may be world’s oldest animal art

April 4, 2024

April 4, 2024

The researchers analyzed an object that at first glance appears to be a symmetrical rock east of Still Bay, about...

Found evidence that Ötzi the Iceman’s tattoos were done using a single-ended tool

March 19, 2024

March 19, 2024

A new discovery has been made about how the 5,300-year-old mummy known as Ötzi the Iceman, found frozen in the...

Archaeologists discover submerged Roman structure on Italy’s west coast

June 3, 2024

June 3, 2024

An important submerged Roman building has been uncovered on the coastline of Campo di Mare on Italy’s west coast. The...

Remains of trematosaurs from 250 million years ago found in Poland

April 23, 2024

April 23, 2024

Polish researchers have found 250 million-year-old remains of Trematosaurs, early Triassic amphibians that resemble modern-day crocodiles. In a new publication...

1800-year-old Sassanid clay seal reads name of Iranian city

April 11, 2024

April 11, 2024

A 1,800-year-old clay seal from the Sassanid era, written in Pahlavi script, reads the name of the Iranian city of...

The magnificent throne room of the Knossos Palace is believed to be the oldest throne room in Europe

March 15, 2024

March 15, 2024

The Minoan civilization, a flourishing Bronze Age culture, thrived on the island of Crete between 2700 BC and 1450 BC....

First Pacific cities appear 700 years earlier than known

April 16, 2024

April 16, 2024

A new study using LIDAR has found new evidence to suggest that the first Pacific cities were founded in 300...

850-year-old medieval coins discovered in a grave in Sweden

April 27, 2024

April 27, 2024

Archaeologists have opened the grave of a man they believe was between 20 and 25 years old when he died....

Three Roman tombs discovered in Ossónoba, Portugal, where the Visigoths ruled

April 18, 2024

April 18, 2024

Three tombs dating to the 5th or 6th century AD have been unearthed in the ancient Roman city of Ossónoba...

Ancient skeletons discovered in a freshly excavated Roman necropolis in Italy, buried with gold jewelry and costly leather shoes

January 5, 2024

January 5, 2024

Archaeologists working on a two-year excavation effort at the site of a proposed solar energy plant in Tarquinia, north of...

6000-year-old Chalcolithic ivory pot discovered in Israel

April 10, 2024

April 10, 2024

An excavation near Beersheba in southern Israel has unearthed a jar made of ivory tusks dating to the Chalcolithic period...

A 16th century Italian ‘vampire’ found buried with a brick in its mouth has had its face reconstructed

March 23, 2024

March 23, 2024

The face of a “vampire” whose grave was dug up in Venice in the 16th century and found with a...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *