May 27, 2024 The sun rises from Anatolia

The 5,000-year-old underground city of Matiate will be open to visitors

Efforts are underway to open the 5,000-year-old underground city of Matiate, located in the Midyat district of the Mardin province in southeastern Turkey, to visitors.

Excavations began in 2000 in the underground city of Matiate, which includes a place of worship, silos, water wells, shelter, wine house, workshops, cisterns and burial grounds, as well as passageways with passageways.

During the excavations, oil lamps, spindle whorls, a hand mill, stone and glass beads, stone artifacts, bronze coins and jewelry, terracotta tools, as well as bones belonging to humans and different animals dating back to different periods were found.

Matiate

The city with its excellent ventilation system is built on an area of about 200 acres. Experts say Matiate is a place where 50,000 people can live indoors for years.

The caves and tunnels in the underground city were built in the Early Christian period.

These caves and tunnels became a sheltered area against the massacres of the pagan Roman administration, especially the Roman Emperor Diocletianus, against the first Christians in and around Midyat.

Midyat Mayor Veysi Şahin told Anadolu Agency (AA) that work is underway to uncover a historical underground city in Midyat, a multicultural city where Turks, Kurds, Arabs, Muslims, Assyrians and Yazidis have lived together for centuries.

Life in the underground city of Matiate begins in the 3rd millennium BC

Gani Tarkan, head of excavations in the Matiate underground city, said that work continues in the southern parts of the settlement,

“This season, a workshop and a cave area were identified. We see that it was expanded by taking stones from the cave. According to the stones taken, a house dated to the early 20th century was built just above the cave. We are currently in the upper layer in the excavation area. There is fill soil that has not been removed. We estimate that there will be places under the filling soil that will provide the passage to other places.”

Photo: Mardin Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism

Tarkan said that the underground city consists of an area of approximately 40 hectares and that 6-7 percent of it has been uncovered so far.

“Settlement started in the 3rd millennium BC in the underground city of Matiate. It starts in the Bronze Age and continues uninterruptedly. There are also many finds from the Roman period. Intensive ceramic finds such as coins, oil lamps, water flasks, glass bracelets and daily use items were found. In addition, we found a large number of medieval ceramics. We also found ceramics dating back to the Bronze Age, but these are in the local area. However, we encounter finds from the Middle Ages and Roman period throughout the excavation area. It is a 5 thousand year old city, and excavations will continue in stages. Our goal is to reveal the entire underground city and open it to tourists in stages.”

Banner
Related Articles

2600 year old Median period structures found in Oluz Mound excavations

December 25, 2023

December 25, 2023

During the ongoing excavations in Oluz Mound in Göynücek district of Amasya, 2600-year-old Median period structures were found. In the...

Workers found the ‘Three Graces’ dating back to the Roman period while digging a grave

September 19, 2023

September 19, 2023

In a cemetery in the Emirdağ district of Afyonkarahisar, workers found a broken figure of the Roman-era “Three Graces” along...

In Savatra Ancient City, an altar dating back 1800 years and adorned with soldier, banner, and a victory wreath has been uncovered.

September 12, 2023

September 12, 2023

In the ongoing excavations at the ancient city of Savatra in Konya, a 1800-year-old victory wreath along with an altar...

Submerged basilica in Türkiye’s Lake Iznik will be opened for virtual visits using augmented reality “metaverse”

August 4, 2023

August 4, 2023

A 1,600-year-old basilica in Bursa’s Iznik district will be opened for virtual visits using augmented reality “metaverse” technology supported by...

Makeup materials used by Roman women 2,000 years ago were found in the ancient city of Aizanoi

September 23, 2023

September 23, 2023

In the ancient city of Aizanoi, located in the Çavdarhisar district of Kütahya, makeup materials and jewelry products used by...

The remains of a 1800-year-old female statue and frieze fragments depicting mythological narratives discovered in the ancient city of Olba

August 16, 2023

August 16, 2023

During archaeological excavations at the ancient city of Olba in the district of Silifke, Mersin, a female statue believed to...

The religious center of Lycia, the ancient city of Letoon

July 30, 2023

July 30, 2023

The religious center of the Lycian Kingdom, established in the southwest of Anatolia during the 2nd millennium BCE, Letoon Ancient...

Perinthos Ancient City with the largest theater in Thrace

May 2, 2024

May 2, 2024

Perinthos Ancient City, one of the most important ancient cities of Thrace and also the largest theater, was founded in...

Statue heads of Dionysus and Aphrodite were unearthed in the Ancient City of Aizanoi

December 11, 2023

December 11, 2023

The heads of the goddess of love and beauty, Aphrodite, and the god of wine, Dionysus, were discovered in the...

The first written evidence of the soul leaving the body in Anatolia: Kuttamuwa Stele

May 7, 2024

May 7, 2024

In the 8th century BC, a rich and powerful man named Kuttamuwa lived in the Gaziantep region of modern-day Turkey....

Japanese archaeologists have revealed that Büklükale was the first settlement of the ancient nomadic people, the Cimmerians, in Anatolia

August 19, 2023

August 19, 2023

Japanese archaeologists have found evidence indicating that Büklükale village, located in Kırıkkale, Turkey, was the earliest settlement of the ancient...

Museum officials discovered a 3000-year-old necropolis by chance

October 16, 2023

October 16, 2023

To go to the region to take photographs of the caves in Cehennem Deresi in the village of Bağözü, located...

The world’s largest natural skyscraper Uchisar Castle

January 7, 2024

January 7, 2024

It would not be an exaggeration to call Uchisar Castle, the largest fairy chimney in the Cappadocia region, the largest...

The cuneiform tablet found in the Hittite city of Samuha indicates the famous temple of the Goddess Sausga

September 16, 2023

September 16, 2023

The cuneiform tablet unearthed in the Hittite city of Samuha reveals the famous temple of the Goddess Sausga. The ancient...

A surface survey in Karaburun has revealed data related to the lives of hunter-gatherer humans from 11,000 years ago

January 23, 2024

January 23, 2024

It was announced that archaeological evidence of nomadic, gatherer-hunter groups that lived in the region 11 thousand years ago was...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *