June 15, 2024 The sun rises from Anatolia

The aim is to unearth important findings from the Hittite period in Külhöyük

The Külhöyük, located in the Gölbaşı district of Ankara, the capital of Türkiye, continues to provide data shedding light on Hittite history.

The location of Külhöyük on the road network through which the Hittites reached the Cilicia region has made it a significant center both militarily and commercially throughout the ages.

Külhöyük was discovered as a result of unauthorized excavations in 1978. After the area was expropriated in 1992, rescue excavations were conducted by the Ankara Museum of Anatolian Civilizations for 14 years, from 1992 to 2006.

Photo: IHA

The mound, believed to have been used by the Hatti city-states and considered a sacred area among the Hittites, revealed important findings from the Hittite period during these excavations. Among the discoveries were a monumental structure, Cyclopean wall structures, and two gateway structures connected to a defensive system. Additionally, significant artifacts such as bullae with Hittite hieroglyphic inscriptions were unearthed during the excavations.

The settlement on the mound, located approximately 8 kilometers from the Hittite fortress Gavurkale, is currently the only Hittite city under excavation in Ankara.

The excavations at Külhöyük are conducted by a team led by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Derya Yılmaz, a faculty member of the Department of Archaeology at the Faculty of Languages, History, and Geography at Ankara University.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Derya Yılmaz
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Derya Yılmaz

In an exclusive statement to the Ihlas News Agency (IHA), excavation director Assoc. Prof. Dr. Derya Yılmaz stated that monumental Hittite structures have been discovered at Külhöyük. He mentioned, “The stone foundations of this structure are visible behind us. Along with this structure, there are stone tunnels known as poterns, dated to the Hittite period. These are structures used during the Hittite era. Additionally, we know that the structure is a multi-roomed one and that cubes were used in the rooms. As the entire structure has not been fully revealed in the excavation strategy, we have developed a strategy to uncover the entire structure and determine its exact function. Due to the large dimensions of the mound area, we will also wait for the results of geophysical studies before excavating to determine new excavation areas, and we plan to open new excavation areas based on these results.”

Külhöyük_Ankara

“We believe it is one of the stone tunnels known as the sacred path.”

Yılmaz drew attention to the discovery of two stone tunnels at Külhöyük, emphasizing that the tunnels are 25 meters in length. He stated, “At the bottom of the tunnel, it reaches a room with four walls. Geological studies at Külhöyük were initially conducted by Prof. Dr. Ahmet Ercan from Istanbul Technical University, and according to his results, the area behind us was determined to be a pond during the Hittite period. This stone tunnel is also mentioned in Hittite texts. We believe it is one of the stone tunnels known as the sacred path descending to the water. Certainly, transportation was facilitated by passing through here during the Hittite era. Through the gateway structure standing here, we know that there are stone tunnels known as the sacred path.”

Banner
Related Articles

Artifacts reflecting Egyptian influence found in the ancient city of Smyrna

May 25, 2024

May 25, 2024

Artifacts reflecting Egyptian influence were found during excavations in the ancient city of Smyrna, which has one of the largest...

2500-year-old wooden burial chamber depicting the war between Persians and Scythians

May 24, 2024

May 24, 2024

The 2500-year-old wooden burial chamber depicting the war between the Persians and Scythians, found during illegal excavations in the Tatarlı...

Is there a figure named Ayaz Ata in Turkish mythology?

December 10, 2023

December 10, 2023

The movements of the sun have formed a common point in ancient belief systems. The daily rising and setting of...

Scientists examined the remains believed to belong to Noah’s Ark, and here are the results

October 26, 2023

October 26, 2023

On September 11, 1959, Captain İlhan Durupınar, a map engineer, flew in an aircraft belonging to the Turkish Armed Forces...

France will return 8,659 historical artifacts seized to Turkey

March 14, 2024

March 14, 2024

Minister of Culture and Tourism Mehmet Nuri Ersoy announced on social media that 8,659 historical artifacts seized in France will...

Mammoth fossils luckly found in a mine are exhibited in Samsun Museum

April 3, 2024

April 3, 2024

14 years ago, mammoth fossils found by luckly in a mine in Samsun’s Ladik district started to be exhibited in...

Spirits of Girnavaz Mound

December 2, 2023

December 2, 2023

Girnavaz Mound is located 4 kilometers north of the Nusaybin district, which belongs to the Mardin province in Turkey. It’s...

The remains of a 1800-year-old female statue and frieze fragments depicting mythological narratives discovered in the ancient city of Olba

August 16, 2023

August 16, 2023

During archaeological excavations at the ancient city of Olba in the district of Silifke, Mersin, a female statue believed to...

Archaeologists found an 8500-year-old trepanned skull at Çatalhöyük

December 23, 2023

December 23, 2023

A skull found in the 9,000-year-old Neolithic settlement of Çatalhöyük in Konya showed traces of trepanation (skull drilling). Çatalhöyük is...

Tourists visiting Hagia Sophia for non-worship purposes will need to pay an entrance fee

October 31, 2023

October 31, 2023

Tourists who visit Hagia Sophia, which was opened for worship under the name of ‘Ayasofya-i Kebir Cami-i Şerifi’ on July...

The 5000-year-old goddess figurine was found at Yassıtepe mound

October 28, 2023

October 28, 2023

A 10-centimeter goddess figurine made of baked clay, estimated to be 5000 years old, was found in the excavations of...

Submerged basilica in Türkiye’s Lake Iznik will be opened for virtual visits using augmented reality “metaverse”

August 4, 2023

August 4, 2023

A 1,600-year-old basilica in Bursa’s Iznik district will be opened for virtual visits using augmented reality “metaverse” technology supported by...

In an excavation of a Roman villa, a mosaic area of 600 square meters uncovered

November 11, 2023

November 11, 2023

With the support of the Kayseri Metropolitan Municipality, a 600-square-meter floor mosaic was unearthed in the ongoing excavation of a...

2000-year-old statues of Zeus and Aphrodite found in Aspendos Ancient City

May 27, 2024

May 27, 2024

2000-year-old statues of Zeus and Aphrodite from the Roman period were found during excavations in the ancient city of Aspendos....

The agora discovered in the ancient city of Dara is being unearthed

January 5, 2024

January 5, 2024

An agora was discovered in the ancient city of Dara, founded by the Eastern Roman Empire to stand against the...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *